Turkish (Türk dili)
|Writing system:||Latin script|
|Native speakers:||61 million (19th largest in the world)|
|LinguaContact translation company services||Translation from Turkish into Russian
Translation from Russian into Turkish
Some facts about the Turkish language:
— The origins of the modern Turkish language are traced back to the 8-10th centuries A.D. (Central Asia, the Anatolian peninsula). A unique monument of this period is the Book of Divination, which is written in the Old Turkic runic script.
The word “Tengri” written in Orkhon (Old Turkic) runes.
— During the Ottoman Empire period (the 13-20th centuries), Turkish was greatly influenced by Arabic and Persian. There is an assertion that in the Ottoman language 80% of all derivations come from Arabic and Persian.
— Subsequent to the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, along with switching to the Latin script (which replaced the Arabic script) there began the active process of re-turkization — the replacing of Arabic-Persian derivations with “original” Turkic lexemes used in vernacular Turkish speech.
— According to some researchers, Turkish (along with Ottoman) is the second richest (behind modern English) language in terms of vocabulary. The modern Turkish lexicon contains nearly 616 500 000 words.
— Turkish has a pronounced agglutinative morphology: lots of affixes, which have a strictly grammatical meaning, can be attached to the root of the word. This is one of the key differences between the Turkic and Indo-European languages (the latter use flexional morphology — an ending or a suffix can carry as many as several meanings).
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